Scientific name: Historical cupana Paullinia
middle of the decade of 1960, the culture of this product
was a extrativista activity, explored in few cities of Amazon.
The increase of the search made with that the culture if multiplied.
The Guaraná is presented in two varieties: Cupana Paullinia to var. cupana, that is
found in restricted amount in the basins of High Rio Orinoco
and Alto Black Rio. Currently, without economic interest. Cupana Paullinia to var. sorbilis, that are
found in Low Amazon, mainly in the region of Maués,
from there to be known as guaraná of Maués,
or simply guaraná. Until middle of the decade of 1960,
it was a extrativista activity, explored in few cities of
Amazon. The increase of the search made with that the culture
written description of the use of guaraná dates
of the year of 1669, when the Jesuit missionary João Philip
Batendorf adentrou in lands of the indians Satere Mawê in
the state of Amazon and observed that the indians had predilection
for a drink who took to all hour to obtain its effect stimulants.
It noticed despite this drink had diuréticas properties
and that many spoke of its effectiveness against migraines, also
inhibiting fever, cramps and of the appetite.
The first written description
of the uses of guaraná dates of to year of 1669, when
the Jesuit missionary João Philip Batendorf adentrou
in lands of the indians Satere Mawê in the state of Amazon
and observed that the indians had predilection will be drink
who took you all hour you obtain its effect stimulants. It noticed
despite this drink had diuréticas properties and that
many spoke of its effectiveness against migraines, also inhibiting
to fever, cramps and of the appetite.
text of caféina of the seed of guaraná varies
of 2,0 4.8%. These texts are well superior to the ones of the
coffee (1 2%), kill (1%) and cacao (0.4%). With rind, the caffeine
text grains of guaraná it goes up.
TECHNICIAN: The caffeine has effect stimulant and
in guaraná, for the fact to be associated to other
substances, as the teobromina, teofilina, you leave essential
minerals, oils, vitamins, present nutricionais characteristics.
The indian uses guaraná in substitution to the coffee
of the morning (a custom of the people weeds-grossense) and
as food in other meals, because, beyond the cited nutrients
already, its high protéico text contributes to reduce
the necessity of ingestion of alimentary mass. It is a sacred
fruit that draws out it the life, with health and enegia.
He is máica, aphrodisiac and healthful.
the indians have guaraná as medicine. Although still
to need evaluations and scientific studies, guaraná is
considered by cardiovascular the consuming market as excellent,
that awakes the movements of the heart and arteries, had the
presence of the teobromina, that is vasodilatadora. It possesss
generalized tonic action against arterioesclerose, exciting
substance of the gastrointestinal nervous system and is, still
used as anaesthetic. The teofilina is rough dilatadora and assistant
of the disgestão. Also he is disinfecting and regulating
of the intestines, useful as chronic astringent in the blenorragias,
diarréias, good vermifuge, diurético and sedative.
Used to alliviate migraines, to recoup lost energies or to keep
them private. Another current use is for the elimination of
the fats and spines, to prevent intestinal fermentation and
arrest of womb, combat the nevralgias. Guaraná, for medicinal
ends, can be used in mixture with the medicinal honey, raízes,
etc. - the synergic action of these products extends its medicinal
potentiality. In the Amazônia, the habit exists to chew
the folder of guaraná to prevent the headquarters, the
hunger and the physical and mental fatigue. In Mato Grosso,
they say that guaraná, beyond energy, stimulant and aphrodisiac,
helps to resist more the strong heat of the region, increase
the disposal for the work.
perspectives are favorable to the increase of the demand, because
some companies are extending its domestic markets and external.
The Antarctica group has a project of a plant of cooling, in
the system of surmounting, China, and is promoting an performance
more aggressive to place its products in U.S.A., Europe Asia
and Japan. It is, also, investing more in the marketing of guaraná
in the domestic market. These factors would make possible the
increase of its capacity of extract production in the plant
of Maués/AM. The Company Brahma Brewery will manufacture
extract in Manaus/AM, where it will produce all boiled must
to be used in its cooling e, according to Nilson Brandão
Jr. (Leading Brazilian business newspaper of 11/06/98), the
investments are of US39 millions in the construction of the
plant. Cocaine-Glue (company that also distributes cooling guaraná)
invested to US$100 millions in its megafábrica of extracts,
in Manaus/AM, to take care of to the Latin American market.
In the 1999 end, it had the fusing between Brahma and Antarctica,
forming the AmBev, that made a negotiation with the Pepsico
for the distribution of guaraná Antarctica in 175 countries.
The first consequences of increase in the demand already had
been felt in harvests 2000/2001.
of extracts, boiled musts, dust, etc.
The external market also has
perspectives favorable of given growth to the great politics
of performance of, the average and small companies and of some
laboratories that are conquering and investing in new niches
of market. It is difficult to make an adequate forecast but
we believe to be possible alcançarmoa superior taxes
of return 50% with an aggressive performance of Marketing and
Advertising. Source: Book - Manual of Production of Guaraná
- Edition SEBRAE - Author Jose Juarez Pereira de Faria